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5 Vanguard Funds for a Secure Portfolio in a Bear Market

3 min read


As an investor, navigating the financial markets can be a daunting task, especially when the bear’s shadow looms large. While bear markets are inevitable, understanding how to safeguard your investments is crucial. Vanguard, renowned for its diversified fund offerings, provides a range of options to help you weather these turbulent times. In this article, we’ll explore five of the safest Vanguard funds to consider for your portfolio when the market takes a bearish turn.

  1. Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund (VTSAX):

The Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund is a stalwart choice for a bear market. This fund provides broad exposure to the U.S. stock market, including large, mid, small, and micro-cap stocks. It’s known for its resilience and long-term growth potential, making it a solid anchor for any portfolio. VTSAX’s diversification can help mitigate risk during market downturns.

  1. Vanguard Dividend Appreciation Index Fund (VDADX):

Dividend-paying stocks often exhibit stability during bear markets. The Vanguard Dividend Appreciation Index Fund focuses on companies with a history of increasing their dividends over time. These companies tend to have solid financials and can offer a degree of protection in turbulent times. VDADX is an excellent choice for income-oriented investors looking for both stability and growth.

  1. Vanguard Intermediate-Term Investment-Grade Fund (VFICX):

In bear markets, investors often flock to safer assets, such as bonds. The Vanguard Intermediate-Term Investment-Grade Fund is a top choice for fixed-income exposure. It primarily invests in high-quality corporate bonds with moderate maturities. This fund provides a balance between income generation and reduced interest rate risk, making it a safe harbor when equities are struggling.

  1. Vanguard Health Care Fund (VGHCX):

Bear markets can create opportunities, and the Vanguard Health Care Fund is one such opportunity. Healthcare companies tend to be more resilient during economic downturns. VGHCX invests in a diversified range of healthcare stocks, including pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and healthcare equipment. These sectors often remain essential regardless of market conditions, making VGHCX a defensive play in a bear market.

  1. Vanguard Wellesley Income Fund (VWINX):

For investors seeking a balanced approach, the Vanguard Wellesley Income Fund is a venerable choice. This fund holds a mix of stocks and bonds, with an emphasis on income generation and capital preservation. VWINX primarily invests in high-quality bonds and dividend-paying stocks, creating a portfolio designed to endure market turbulence.


Bear markets are a harsh reality of investing, but they don’t have to be a nightmare. Diversification is a powerful ally, and Vanguard’s suite of funds can help you construct a portfolio capable of weathering the storm. These five Vanguard funds, whether through diversification, dividend income, bond stability, defensive sectors, or a balanced approach, offer investors valuable tools to protect and grow their assets even in bearish conditions. Remember, the key to financial resilience is not to panic, but to plan with a clear strategy and the right investments.